- Published: 30 January 2011 30 January 2011
- Last Updated: 07 April 2012 07 April 2012
On 5 May 1919 twelve workers (most of them members of the Social Democratic Party, SPD) were arrested and killed by members of Freikorps Lützow in Perlach near Munich based on a tip from a local cleric saying they were communists. (1)
It was a part of Garde-Kavallerie-Schützen-Division and was used to form Reichswehr-Brigade 30 in June 1919.
CommandersMajor von Lützow
Formed in the area ofGeneralkommando des Garde-Korps (Berlin)
Notable membersSS-Standartenführer Wilhelm Goecke
SS-Obergruppenführer Paul Korner
SS-Obergruppenführer Friedrich Wilhelm Kruger
SS-Oberführer Walter von Petersenn
Vizeadmiral Rudolf Stange
(the ranks are the highest ranks reached in the Third Reich era)
A memorial in memory of the fallen of Freikorps Lützow was inaugurated 24 June 1923 in Remscheid.
Freikorps Lützow celebrates its one year anniversary at Zossen in 1920
(Courtesy of Bundesarchiv/Wikimedia, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Germany)
Footnotes1. A memorial on Pfanzeltplatz in Munich today commemorates this atrocity.
Sources usedVerkuilen Ager - Awards of the German Freikorps 1919-1935
Richard Grunberger - Red rising in Bavaria
Max Hirschberg & Reinhard Weber - Jude und Demokrat: Erinnerungen eines Münchener Rechtsanwalts 1883 bis 1939
Douglas G. Morris - Justice Imperiled: The Anti-Nazi Lawyer Max Hirschberg in Weimar Germany
Georg Tessin - Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939