- Published: 21 August 2011 21 August 2011
- Last Updated: 07 April 2012 07 April 2012
The 230. Infanterie-Division was formed on 15 April 1942 in northern Norway from the Küstenschutzverband Alta. The division remained on security and coastal defense duties in Norway for the rest of the war.
In August 1943 soldiers from the division were scheduled to take part in Operation Forelle I-IV (Trout) to search for suspected partisan groups in the Vest-Finnmark area but the operations were cancelled after the military intelligence concluded that no such groups operated in the area. The operations were planned as companions to the successful operations of the neighbor 210. Infanterie-Division.
The members of the Heer to be awarded for the northernmost operations were the soldiers of the battalion sized contingent of some 600 men from Grenadier Regiment 349 who took part in the the raid on Spitsbergen (a Norwegian island in the Svalbard archipelago) on 8 September 1943.
Unternehmen Sizilien (Operation Zitronella) was supported by the battleships Tirpitz, Scharnhorst and the destroyers Erich Steinbrinck, Karl Galster, Theodor Riedel, Hans Lody, Z27, Z29, Z30, Z31 and Z33.
It is listed as 230. Küste-Abwehr-Infanterie-Division in some sources.
CommandersGeneralleutnant Otto Schönherr (15 Apr 1942 - 10 Oct 1942)
Generalleutnant Konrad Menkel (10 Oct 1942 - 10 Jan 1944)
Generalleutnant Albrecht Baier (10 Jan 1944 - 20 Feb 1944)
Generalleutnant Konrad Menkel (20 Feb 1944 - 1 Oct 1944)
Generalmajor Bernhard Pampel umbenannt in Pamberg (1 Oct 1944 - 8 May 1945)
Operations Officers (Ia)Oberstleutnant Kurt Sengspiel (15 Jan 1943-20 Nov 1944)
Major Eberhard Siebeck (20 Nov 1944-25 Nov 1944)
Major Otto Auswöger (25 Nov 1944-1945)
Area of operationsNorway (Apr 1942 - May 1945)
Holders of high awardsHolders of the German Cross in Silver (1)
- Wendte, Rudolf, 22.04.1945, Oberst, Kdr. Gren.Rgt. 349
Order of battle (1943)Grenadier-Regiment 349
- Festungs-Bataillon 651
- Festungs-Bataillon 652
- Festungs-Bataillon 653
- Festungs-Bataillon 659
Sources usedAlf R. Jacobsen - Blodröd augusti: Historien om de norska partisanerna
Georg Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht 1933-1945