Ministerium für Staatssicherheit (MfS or Stasi)
- Published: 14 January 2011 14 January 2011
- Last Updated: 07 April 2012 07 April 2012
Erich Mielke served as a state secretary and deputy minister of the MfS under Zaisser from 1950-1953. He continued to serve as deputy leader of the SfS and, from November 1955, deputy minister of the restored MfS under Wollweber. Initially granted the rank of Generalinspekteur, Mielke received promotion to Generalleutnant on 1 January 1953, Generaloberst on 1 October 1959 and Armeegeneral on 1 February 1980.
On 17 November 1989, Hans Modrow, the new Chairman of the Council of Ministers, ordered the MfS restructured into the Amt für Nationale Sicherheit (AfNS) (Office for National Security). However, widespread public outcry over the continued existence of the secret police organization prompted the government to vote for the dissolution of the AfNS on 14 December 1989. The planned successor organizations, the Amt für Verfassungsschutz der DDR (Office for Protection of the Constitution) headed by Generalmajor Dipl.-Jurist Heinz Engelhardt and the Nachrichtendienst der DDR (Intelligence Service) under Generaloberst Dipl.-Jurist Werner Großmann, remained largely on paper and did not come to fruition.
Minister für StaatssicherheitWilhelm Zaisser (8 Feb 1950-18 July 1953)
Ernst Wollweber (18 July 1953-31 Oct 1957)
Armeegeneral Erich Mielke (1 Nov 1957-7 Nov 1989)