The Indische Freiwilligen Legion der Waffen-SS was formed when Infanterie-Regiment 950 (indische) was transferred from Heer to Waffen-SS control on 8 August 1944 and continued its retreat towards Germany.
It remained at Truppenübungsplatz Heuberg until March 1945 when the Indians began a march towards neutral Switzerland but they were forced to surrender to US and French troops before reaching their goal.

29 POWs from this unit were killed by French partisans at Poitiers 22 September 1944 and additional POWs were killed later at Bourges and Levet.

Commanders

SS-Oberführer Heinz Bertling (8 Aug 1944 - 8 May 1945)

Area of operations

France (Aug 1944 - Sep 1944)
Germany (Sep 1944 - May 1945)

Order of battle

I. Bataillon
II. Bataillon
III. Bataillon
13. Infanteriegeschütz Kompanie
14. Panzerjäger Kompanie
15. Pionier Kompanie
Ehrenwachkompanie

Insignia

A collar insignia with a tiger's head was authorized but probably only issued in small quantities. At least one period photo of it in use is known to exist.

Flag of Legion Freies Indien
flag-azad-hind
(Courtesy of Flags Of The World)

Obergefreiter of Legion Freies Indien
freies-indien-oberg
(Courtesy of Joe Imwalle)

Soldier of Legion Freies Indien
indian-volunteer
(Courtesy of Thomas S)

Sources used

Christopher Ailsby - Hitler's Renegades: Foreign nationals in the service of the Third Reich
John R. Angolia - Cloth insignia of the SS
Dr. K-G Klietmann - Die Waffen-SS: eine Dokumentation
Peter Lieb - Konventioneller Krieg oder NS-Weltanschauungskrieg?: Kriegführung und Partisanenbekämpfung in Frankreich 1943/44
David Littlejohn - The Indian Legion (in The Military Advisor, Vol 6 No 3)
David Littlejohn - Foreign Legions of the Third Reich, vol 4
Antonio J. Munoz - The East came West: Muslim, Hindu and Buddhist Volunteers in the German Armed Forces 1941-1945
Frank Thayer - SS Foreign volunteer collar insignia and their reporductions (in The Military Advisor, Vol 4 No 2)

Reference material on this unit

Massimiliano Afiero - Indische Freiwilligen Legion der Waffen SS
Martin Bamber - For Free India: Indian soldiers in Germany and Italy during the Second World War
Rudolf Hartog - The Sign of the Tiger: Subhas Chandra Bose And His Indian Legion in Germany, 1941-45
Antonio J. Munoz - The East came West: Muslim, Hindu and Buddhist Volunteers in the German Armed Forces 1941-1945

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