The 3. Naval Infantry Division San Marco (3. Divisione Fanteria di Marina "San Marco") was one of the divisions of the Fascist Repubblica Sociale Italiana (RSI) (Italian Social Republic) and was formed mainly of recruits from the Navy and the X MAS marines. It began training late 1943 in Grafenwohr with German instructors and was formally formed in April 1944. It was sent to the Liguarian coast in Italy in July 1944 and served as an anti-partisan and coastal security unit assinged to the mixed German-Italian Armee Ligurien commanded by Maresciallo d’Italia Rodolfo Graziani. The division suffered greatly from low morale and high level of desertions during this period.
In October the second battalion of the 6. Naval Infantry Regiment was attached to the 4. Gebirgs-Division.
It surrendered in April 1945.

Commanders

General Aldo Princivalle (Nov 1943 - Aug 1944)
General Amilcare Farina (Aug 1944 - Apr 1945)

Honor titles

It was named after St. Mark, the patron saint of Venice.

Order of battle

HQ
3. Naval Infantry Regiment
5. Naval Infantry Regiment
3. Artillery Regiment
3. Reconnaissance Battalion
3. Anti-tank Company
3. Engineer Battalion
3. Signal Battalion
3. Transport Battalion
3. Replacement Battalion
German Advisory Staff

Generalleutnant Georg Rieke inspecting 3. Naval Infantry Division San Marco near Nettuno in March 1944
rieke-georg-san-marco
(Courtesy of Bundesarchiv/Wikimedia, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Germany)

Sources used

Philip S. Jowett - The Italian Army 1940-45: Italy 1943-45
Carlos Caballero Jurado - Resistance warfare: resistance and collaboration in Western Europe, 1940-1945
George F. Nafziger - Waffen-SS and other units in World War II
Charles T. O'Reilly - Forgotten battles: Italy's war of liberation, 1943-1945
Giuseppe Rocco - L'organizzazione militare della RSI: sul finire della seconda guerra mondiale

Reference material on this unit

- None known at this time -

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