by Gareth Collins

The Deutsche Seewarte was formed in 1875 and until 1919 operated under the Kaiserlichen Marine, then from 1919 to 1934 it was subordinate to the Reichsverkehrsministerium & finally from 1934 onwards it was under the Reichsluftfahrministerium. Of all three Abteilungen (Zentralabteilung (C), Nautik und Hydrographie (N) and Wetterdienst (W)) only the Nautik und Hydrographie Abteilung (N) was subordinate to the Marineleitung, then the OKM. In 1936 the bond between the the Abteilung N and OKM was removed and the Zentralabteilung der Seewarte was dissolved. Both the Abteilung N and Abteilung W received a Gruppe Verwaltung and from 01 November 1941 both Abteilungen were renamed Hauptabteilungen. Hauptabteilung N of the Kriegsmarine received 2 subordinate offices, Abteilung 1 (Nautisch-Hydrographische Abteilung) and Abteilung 2 (Nautisch-Technische Versuchsabteilung). Hauptabteilung W of the Luftwaffe also received 2 subordinate offices, Abteilung 1 (See-und Überseewetterdienst) and Abteilung 2 (Meteorologie und Klimatologie).

Präsident

Konteradmiral Dr.phil.h.c. Fritz Spiess (00 Jun 1936-00 May 1945)

Sources used

Research by Gareth Collins
Erich Gröner - Die Schiffe der deutschen Kriegsmarine und ihr Verbleib 1939-1945, J F Lehmanns Verlag, München (1976)
Hans H Hildebrand - Die organisatorische Entwicklung der Marine nebst Stellenbesetzung 1848 bis 1945, Biblio-Verlag, Osnabrück (2000)
Hans H Hildebrand & Ernest Henriot – Deutschlands Admirale 1849-1945, Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück (1989)
Hans H Hildebrand, Albert Röhr & Hans-Otto Steinmetz – Die Deutschen Kriegsschiffe, Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Hamburg (1980)
Walter Lohmann & Hans H Hildebrand – Die Deutsche Kriegsmarine, Verlag Hans-Henning Podzun, Bad Nauheim (1956)

Reference material on this unit

- None known at this time -

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