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The 157. Reserve-Division was formed in October 1942 from Division Nr. 157. It was stationed in France until the Italian surrender when it moved into Italy taking 5.772 prisoners during two days.
It was redesignated 157. Gebirgs-Division in September 1944.

Known war crimes

Soldiers of Reserve-Gebirgsjäger-Bataillon 100 are believed to have been responsible for the killing of 28 civilians at Terre-Noire, France, 28 August 1944. (1)

Commanders

Generalleutnant Karl Pflaum (? Oct 1942 - 1 Sep 1944)

Area of operations

France & Italy (Oct 1942 - Sep 1944)

Order of battle

Reserve-Grenadier-Regiment 7
Reserve-Grenadier-Regiment 157
Reserve-Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 1
Reserve-Artillerie-Regiment 7
Reserve-Pionier-Bataillon 7

Footnotes

1. "Konventioneller Krieg oder NS-Weltanschauungskrieg?: Kriegführung und Partisanenbekämpfung in Frankreich 1943/44" by Peter Lieb.

Sources used

Colin Heaton - German Anti-Partisan Warfare in Europe 1939-1945
Andris J. Kursietis - The Wehrmacht at War 1939-1945
Peter Lieb - Konventioneller Krieg oder NS-Weltanschauungskrieg?: Kriegführung und Partisanenbekämpfung in Frankreich 1943/44
Samuel W. Mitcham Jr - Hitler's Legions: The German Army Order of Battle World War II
George F. Nafziger - The German Order of Battle: Infantry in World War II
Gerhard Schreiber - Die italienischen Militärinternierten im deutschen Machtbereich 1943-1945

Reference material on this unit

Christian Wyler - La longue marche de la Division 157

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