by Miha Grcar

logo-inf-106_1943-1944


The division was formed on 12th November 1940 as part of the 12th Wave in Wehrkreis VI (Westphalia and Rhineland). It was raised from 1/3 of  the 6. Infanterie Division, 1/3 of the 26. Infanterie Division and two Heimat-Wach Battalions from the 250th Infantry Regiment. Originally part of 11th Army on home duties within the Reich the 106. Infanterie Division didn’t see any action untill the invasion of Russia in June 1941. Prior to this it lost its III/241.Infantry Regiment which was sent to Africa where it became I/155. Schutzen Regiment in the September of 1941.
For the opening of the Russian campaign it formed part of the XXXXII Korps under Panzergruppe 2 within Heeresgruppe Mitte. Between June 1941 and April 1942 the 106th would stay within Heeresgruppe Mitte. Moving between the  Panzergruppe 2 to 9th Army as part of V Korps (Ruoff)-(along with 5th, 35th and 129th Infantry Divisions) in the July / October period as it advanced towards Smolensk.
By July 27th the 106th was north of Smolensk advancing from Demidov to support Panzergruppe 3, which was east of Smolensk, along with the rest of V Korps. After serving under Panzergruppe 3 for the battle of Wjasma it finally ended up with Panzergruppe 4 in the struggles around Klin. On December 5th the 106th found itself near Krasnaja Poljana with 2. Panzer Division on it’s left flank and the 35. Infanterie Division on it’s right flank. Facing it were the elements of 7th Guards Division, Gruppe Remisov and the 28th Infantry Brigade.
During the opening phase of operationTyphoon, the 106th reached the area south of Kuseeva by November 16th 1941. On November 17th the 106th along with the rest of V Korps attacked towards Moscow, this was some 24hrs earlier than it's neighbouring Korps (XLVI Panzerkorps), thus enabling the 106th to maintain contact with this Korp the following day.
The Russian counter offensive before Moscow forced the Germans westward and by the 11th of December the 106. Infanterie Division along with 2nd Panzer Division had been forced out of Solnechnogorsk by the Russian 20th Army under Vlasov. By December 12th the division was in a salient, with it's head arrowed at Krasnaja Poljana. After tough fighting until March 1942 under V Korps & IX Korps the division was transferred to north France for reffiting.
After it returned to the Eastern front in April 1943 it served under XXXXVIII Korps. After beeing in reserve in May it returned to active service in June and saw action in the Kursk offensive as part of the Armeeabteilung Kempf (along with 320th Infantry Divisions & 198th Infantry Divisions) in July. The division’s starting point for the operation was the Donets river, which the 106th crossed on the second day of the offensive with the 240. Infantry Regiment advancing on the left, 241. Infantry Regiment in the center and the 239. Infantry Regiment on the right wing of it’s advance. The divisional strength on July 4th was 9 infantry battalions, 1 reconnaissance battalion and 1 anti-tank battalion, with combat strenght of 6577 men, 36 light artillery, 12 heavy artillery pieces and 60 anti-tank guns. During the offensive the division sustained a total of 3,277 casualties (566 KIA,  2.667 WIA, 44 MIA), while the total casualties to August 25th were 147 officers and 5933 men (while receiving 60 officers and 2722 men replacements in the same period). It received additional forces when the 39.Infanterie Division was disbanded on 2nd November 1943 and it’s Divisionsgruppe 39 and Grenadier Regiments 113. & 114. were integrated into the 106. Infanterie Division. At that time the division was forced to retreat across the river Dnepr. After beeing on the defensive throughout the 1944 the division was destroyed near Kishinev (Ukraine) in August and disbanded as such on October 9th 1944, with the remains being used to reform the 15th Infantry Divisions & 76th Infantry Divisions.

On March 24th 1945 the 106. Infanterie Division was reformed and adjusted to a Kampfgruppe 106. Infanteriedivision on 8th April 1945.

Commanders

General der Infanterie Ernst Dehner (28 Nov 1940 - 3 May 1942)
Generalleutnant Alfons Hitter (3 May 1942 - 1 Nov 1942)
Generalleutnant Arthur Kullmer (1 Nov 1942 - 1 Jan 1943)
Generalleutnant Werner Forst (1 Jan 1943 - 20 Feb 1944)
Generalleutnant Siegfried von Rekowski (20 Feb 1944 - ? Aug 1944)
Oberst Carl Ringenberg (13 Aug 1944 - 1 Sept 1944)
(Reformed)
Oberst Dr. Curt Lehmann (22 Mar 1945 - ? May 1945)

Operations Officers (Ia)

Oberstleutnant Adalbert Wahl (10 Dec 1940-15 Jun 1943)
Oberstleutnant Friedrich Doepner (15 Jun 1943-24 Aug 1944)

Area of operations

Germany (Nov 1940 - June 1941)
Eastern Front, central sector (June 1941 - Apr 1942)
France (Apr 1942 - Apr 1943)
Eastern Front, southern sector (Apr 1943 - Aug 1944)
(Reformed)
Southern Germany (Mar 1945 - May 1945)

Subordination

LII Korps, 11th Army (Dec 1940 – Apr 1941)
Wehrkreis VI, 2nd Pz. Gruppe (May 1941 – June 1941)
XXXXII Korps (July 1941)
V Korps, 9th Army (Aug 1941 – Sep 1941)
V Korps, 3rd Pz. Gruppe (Oct 1941)
V Korps, 4th Pz. Gruppe (Nov 1941 – Dec 1941)
V Korps, 4th Pz. Army (Jan 1942)
IX Korps, 4th Pz. Army (Feb 1942)
V Korps, 4th Pz. Army (Mar 1942 – Apr 1942)
XXXVII Korps, 15th Army (May 1942)
LXXXII Korps, 15th Army (June 1942 – Feb 1943)
In transit to the Eastern Front (Mar 1943)
XXXXVIII Korps, A.A.Kempf (Apr 1943)
Reserve (May 1943)
XI Korps, A.A.Kempf (June 1943 – Aug 1943)
XI Korps, 8th Army (Sep 1943 – Nov 1943)
XXXXVII Korps, 8th Army (Dec 1943 – Apr 1944)
VII Korps, 8th Army (May 1944)
VII Korps, 6th Army (Jun 1944 – July 1944)
Division was disbanded (Aug 1944)
Division re-formed in Oberrhein (Mar 1945)
LXIV Korps, 19th Army (Apr 1945)

Nicknames

Aufgehende Sonne (Rising Sun)

Order of battle (1940)

Infanterie-Regiment 239
Infanterie-Regiment 240
Infanterie-Regiment 241
Artillerie-Regiment 107
Divisionseinheiten 106

Order of battle (1944)

Divisions-Gruppe 39
Grenadier-Regiment 239
Grenadier-Regiment 240
Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 106
Artillerie-Regiment 107

Sources used

Georg Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht 1933-1945

Reference material on this unit

- None known at this time -

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