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The 198. Infanterie-Division was formed in December 1939 from reserve troops in the Protektorat Böhmen-Mähren. It was in refitted June 1944 as part of the 26. Welle (wave) from Schatten-Division Böhmen.
In January 1945, the division, in conjunction with the Panzer-Brigade 106 Feldherrnhalle, took part in Operation “Sonnenwende” (Solstice), an unsuccessful attack on Strasbourg launched from the Colmar pocket. After escaping from the Colmar pocket across the Rhine, the remnants of the division surrendered to the Americans at Weilheim in April 1945.

Commanders

General der Infanterie Otto Röttig (10 Jan 1940 - 10 Apr 1942)
Generalmajor Albert Buck (10 Apr 1942 - 6 Sep 1942) (KIA) (1)
General der Infanterie Ludwig Müller (6 Sep 1942 - 5 Feb 1943)
Generalleutnant Hans-Joachim von Horn (5 Feb 1943 - 1 June 1944)
Generalmajor Otto Richter (1 June 1944 - 1 Aug 1944)
Generalleutnant Kurt Oppenländer (1 Aug 1944 - 5 Aug 1944)
Generalmajor Alfred Kuhnert (5 Aug 1944 - 1 Sep 1944)
Generalmajor Otto Schiel (1 Sep 1944 - 18 Jan 1945)
Generalmajor Konrad Barde (18 Jan 1945 - 26 Apr 1945)
Generalleutnant Helmuth Städke (26 Apr 1945 - 8 May 1945)

Operations Officers (Ia)

Oberstleutnant Karl Klotz (5 Jan 1940-25 Oct 1940)
Oberst Bernhard-Georg von Watzdorf (25 Oct 1940-Apr 1942)
Major Buhl (?-6 Sep 1942) (KIA)
Major Friedrich-Wilhelm von Graevenitz (15 Nov 1942-1 Jul 1943)
Oberstleutnant Heinrich Schäfer (10 Dec 1943-30 May 1944)
Oberstleutnant Freiherr von Finck (30 May 1944-30 Sep 1944)
Major Robert Grauer (30 Sep 1944-1945)

Area of operations

Czechoslovakia (Jan 1940 - Apr 1940)
Denmark (Apr 1940 - June 1940)
France (June 1940 - June 1941)
Eastern front, southern sector (June 1941 - June 1944)
France (June 1944 - Mar 1945)
Southern Germany (Mar 1945 - May 1945)

Order of battle (1940)

Infanterie-Regiment 305
Infanterie-Regiment 308
Infanterie-Regiment 326
Artillerie-Regiment 235
- I. Abteilung
- II. Abteilung
- III. Abteilung
- IV. Abteilung
Pionier-Bataillon 235
Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 235
Nachrichten-Abteilung 235
Versorgungseinheiten 235

Order of battle (1942)

Grenadier-Regiment 305
Grenadier-Regiment 308
Grenadier-Regiment 326
Artillerie-Regiment 235
- I. Abteilung
- II. Abteilung
- III. Abteilung
- IV. Abteilung
Pionier-Bataillon 235
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 235
Nachrichten-Abteilung 235
Versorgungseinheiten 235

Order of battle (1943-1945)

Grenadier-Regiment 305
Grenadier-Regiment 308
Grenadier-Regiment 326
Füsilier-Bataillon 198
Artillerie-Regiment 235
- I. Abteilung
- II. Abteilung
- III. Abteilung
- IV. Abteilung
Pionier-Bataillon 235
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 235
Nachrichten-Abteilung 235
Feldersatz-Bataillon 235
Versorgungseinheiten 235

Josef Graßmann (right) who won the Knight's Cross on 9 November 1942 as commander of II./Grenadier-Regiment 326 talking to Generalmajor Hans Speidel
inf-div-198-grassman-speidel
(Courtesy of Bundesarchiv/Wikimedia, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Germany)

Footnotes

1. Generalmajor Albert Buck was killed 6 September 1942 in an ambush by troops from the Soviet 723rd Rifle Regiment near Klutschewaja.

Sources used

French Maclean - Quiet Flows the Rhine: German General Officer Casualties in World War II
Georg Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht 1933-1945

Reference material on this unit

Gerhard Graser - Zwischen Kattegat und Kaukasus: Weg und kämpfe der 198.Infanterie-Division 1939-1945
Georg Grossjohann - Five Years, Four Fronts

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