logo-inf-225

The 225. Infanterie-Division was formed on 26 August 1939 as part of the 3. Welle (wave). In February 1944, it absorbed elements of the disbanded 9. Feld-Division (L). The division surrendered to the Red Army in Courland in May 1945.

Known war crimes

In May 1940 at the village of Vinkt in Belgium soldiers from the division took civilians as hostages and on May 27-28 a total of 86 hostages were killed. (1)
Major Erwin Kühner and Leutnant Franz Lohmann were sentenced to 20 years of hard labour for this massacre post-war.

Commanders

Generalleutnant Ernst Schaumburg (1 Sep 1939 - 1 July 1940)
Generalleutnant Friedrich-Karl von Wachter (1 July 1940 - 1 June 1941)
Generalleutnant Hans von Baße (1 June 1941 - 25 Sep 1942)
Generalleutnant Ernst Riße (25 Sep 1942 - 8 May 1945)

Operations Officers (Ia)

Oberstleutnant Heinrich Gäde (26 Aug 1939-5 Nov 1940)
Oberstleutnant Wilhelm Kolewe (5 Nov 1940-15 Jun 1942)
Oberstleutnant Wilfried Ritter und Edler von Rosenthal (15 Jun 1942-15 Aug 1944)
Major Richard Lang (15 Aug 1944-5 Mar 1945) (KIA)
Oberstleutnant Ernst Wolf (25 Mar 1945-9 May 1945)

Area of operations

Germany (Sep 1939 - May 1940)
Netherlands & France (May 1940 - Jan 1942)
Eastern front, northern sector (Jan 1942 - July 1944)
Eastern front, central sector (July 1944)
Eastern front, northern sector (July 1944 - Oct 1944)
Kurland pocket (Oct 1944 - May 1945)

Holders of high awards

Holders of the Close Combat Clasp in Gold (5)
- Bialetzki, Alfons, 17.11.1944, Oberleutnant d.R., Kp.Chef 1./Gren.Rgt. 333
- Rastl, Alfred, 12.12.1944, Unteroffizier, Gruppenführer i. d. 1./Gren.Rgt. 333
- Schröder, Hans, 00.00.0000, Obergefreiter, 3./Gren.Rgt. 333
- Tolle, Hubert, 11.12.1944, Unteroffizier, Gruppenführer i. d. 3./Gren.Rgt. 333
- Winkelmann, Karl, 27.11.1944, Oberfeldwebel, Zugführer i. d. 2./Gren.Rgt. 333
Holders of the Commendation Certificate of the Commander-in-Chief of the Army (4)
- Adam, Friedrich, 15.09.1944 (3892), Feldwebel, Zugführer i. d. 3./Gren.Rgt. 377
- Basan, Kurt, 25.08.1944 (3752), Unteroffizier, Geschützführer i. d. 1./Pz.Jäg.Abt. 225
- Klätke, Ernst, 17.04.1944 (3147), Leutnant, Btl.Fhr. I./Gren.Rgt. 376
- Wünsche, Helmut, 25.11.1944 (4533), Oberleutnant, 4./Gren.Rgt. 376
Holders of the German Cross in Gold (64)
Holders of the Honor Roll Clasp of the Heer (23)
Holders of the Knight's Cross (13)

Order of battle (1939)

Infanterie-Regiment 333
Infanterie-Regiment 376
Infanterie-Regiment 377
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 225
Artillerie-Regiment 225
- I. Abteilung
- II. Abteilung
- III. Abteilung
- IV. Abteilung
Pionier-Bataillon 225
Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 225
Nachrichten-Abteilung 225
Versorgungseinheiten 225

Order of battle (1942)

Grenadier-Regiment 333
Grenadier-Regiment 376
Grenadier-Regiment 377
Schnelle Abteilung 225
Artillerie-Regiment 225
- I. Abteilung
- II. Abteilung
- III. Abteilung
- IV. Abteilung
Pionier-Bataillon 225
Nachrichten-Abteilung 225
Versorgungseinheiten 225

Order of battle (1943-1945)

Grenadier-Regiment 333
Grenadier-Regiment 376
Grenadier-Regiment 377
Füsiler-Bataillon 225
Artillerie-Regiment 225
- I. Abteilung
- II. Abteilung
- III. Abteilung
- IV. Abteilung
Pionier-Bataillon 225
Panzerjäger-Abteilung
Nachrichten-Abteilung 225
Feldersatz-Bataillon 225
Versorgungseinheiten 225

A memorial to the victims of the Vinkt massacre, the plaque reads "Gedenk"
memorial-vinkt
(Courtesy of Paul Hermans)

Footnotes

1. "Konventioneller Krieg oder NS-Weltanschauungskrieg?: Kriegführung und Partisanenbekämpfung in Frankreich 1943/44" by Peter Lieb and "Dunkirk: Fight to the last man" by Hugh Sebag-Montefiore.

Sources used

Peter Lieb - Konventioneller Krieg oder NS-Weltanschauungskrieg?: Kriegführung und Partisanenbekämpfung in Frankreich 1943/44
Hugh Sebag-Montefiore - Dunkirk: Fight to the last man
Georg Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht 1933-1945

Reference material on this unit

Walter Miehe - Der Weg der 225. Infanterie Division

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