The Panzer-Brigade 150 (in some sources listed as the 150. SS-Panzer-Brigade) was formed to take part in the Ardennes offensive, with the task of capturing the bridges at Ama, Engis and Huy. The 2.500 men in this unit came from all parts of the Wehrmacht, 1.000 from the Heer, 500 from the Waffen-SS, 800 from the Luftwaffe and 200 from the Kriegsmarine.
It is famous for having including some English-speaking soldiers wearing US uniforms, these soldiers in Einheit Stielau were meant to cause confusion behind the US lines for example by misdirecting traffic.
Apart from a few captured US vehicles, some of the vehicles in this unit were modified to look like US vehicles, for example the Panther tanks were modified to look like M10 tank destroyers. Two captured Sherman tanks were also transferred to this unit, however none of them saw any action due to technical problems.

When Unternehmen Greif started, the brigade was held up in the massive traffic jams which caused major problems to the entire offensive. After loosing two days this way, the original goals of the brigade was more or less given up and it was to fight as a regular formation.
It was given the task of capturing Malmedy, but a deserter warned the US forces of the plans. The attack was met with heavy fire and was the Germans were forced to retreat. The US artillery took a heavy toll on the unit even when it was withdrawn from the actual fighting, the wounded included Otto Skorzeny himself who was hit by shrapnel.
The brigade was finally withdrawn from the front lines on 28 December, being replaced by 18. Volksgrenadier-Division.

44 Germans wearing US uniforms managed to slip through the US lines, 18 of its men were captured and executed as spies.
Otto Skorzeny was tried and aquitted postwar for the actions of the 150. Panzer-Brigade during the Ardennes offensive along with several others from the unit. The below newspaper clipping is from the New York Times 10 September 1947.
news-nyt_19470910
See also the US Army Judge Advocate's review of the Skorzeny trial.


Commanders     

Oberstleutnant Wulf (? 1944 - 14 Dec 1944)
SS-Obersturmbannführer Otto Skorzeny (14 Dec 1944 - ? Jan 1945)

Manpower strength

Officers 90
NCOs 448
Enlisted men 2138
Total 2676

Holders of high awards

Holders of the German Cross in Gold (4)
- Dreier, Otto, 23.01.1945, Oberleutnant, Pz.Brig. 150
- Rath, Bernhard, 23.01.1945, Oberfähnrich, Pz.Brig. 150
- Slama, Helmut, 23.01.1945, SS-Hauptsturmführer, Kampfgru.Arzt Pz.Brig. 150
- Testorf, Wilhelm, 23.01.1945, Oberfeldwebel, Pz.Kp./Pz.Brig. 150
Holders of the Honor Roll Clasp of the Heer/Waffen-SS (5)
- Ernst, Albert, 07.01.1945, Oberleutnant, Pz.Brig. 150
- Foelkersam von, Adrian, 05.02.1945, SS-Hauptsturmführer d.R., Pz.Brig. 150
- Scherf, Walter, 05.02.1945, Hptm., Fhr. einer Kampfgruppe Pz.Brig. 150
- Skorzeny, Otto, 05.02.1945, SS-Obersturmbannführer, SS-Jagd-Verbände
- Wulf, Hermann, 05.02.1945, Oberstleutnant, Pz.Brig. 150

Order of battle

Kampfgruppe X (SS-Obersturmbannführer Willi Hardieck, later SS-Hauptsturmführer Adrian von Foelkersam)
- HQ
- 3 x Infantry Company (Ford trucks)
- 2 x Armored Infantry Platoon
- 2 x Anti-tank Platoon
- 2 x Heavy mortar Platoon
- Engineer Platoon
- Signal Platoon
- 5 Panther tanks & 5 StuG III
Kampfgruppe Y (Hauptmann Scherff)
- HQ
- 3 x Infantry Company (Ford trucks)
- 2 x Armored Infantry Platoon
- 2 x Anti-tank Platoon
- 2 x Heavy mortar Platoon
- Engineer Platoon
- Signal Platoon
- 5 Panther tanks & 5 StuG III
Kampfgruppe Z (Oberstleutnant Wolf)
- HQ
- 3 x Infantry Company (Ford trucks)
- 2 x Armored Infantry Platoon
- 2 x Anti-tank Platoon
- 2 x Heavy mortar Platoon
- Engineer Platoon
- Signal Platoon

Equipment
Vehicles
- 1 Sherman operational and 1 in long term repair
- 5 Panthers operational
- 5 StuG IIIs operational
- 4 SdKfz 250/1s operational
- 6 SdKfz 251/1s operational
- 6 M3 halftracks (American) operational
- 6 SdKfz 234/1s operational
- 4 M8 armored cars (American) operational
- 12 motorcycles with sidecar (German)
- 1 motorcycle with sidecar (American)
- 43 motorcycles (German)
- 20 motorcycles (American)
- 28 jeeps (American)
- 6 light civilian type car (German)
- 36 medium civilian type car (German)
- 9 heavy civilian type cars (German)
- - 64 light trucks (German)
- 56 medium trucks (German)
- 8 medium trucks (American)
- 6 heavy trucks (German)
- 1 truck (American)
- 1 truck (German)
Weapons
- 226 light MGs
- 31 heavy MGs
- 24 8cm mortars (German)
- 24 4.2inch mortars (American)
- 5 3inch AT guns (American)
- 14 57mm AT guns (American)

One of the Panther Ausf. G converted to look like American M10 Tank Destroyers
wss-pzbrig-150-m10
(Courtesy of Hjalmar)

Sources used

Research by Ron Klages
Jeff Dugdale - Panzer Divisions, Panzergrenadier Division and Panzer Brigades of the Army and Waffen-SS in the West, Autumn 1944-February 1945
Kurt Mehner - Die Waffen-SS und Polizei 1939-1945
Jean-Paul Pallud - Ardennes 1944: Peiper and Skorzeny

Reference material on this unit

Jean-Paul Pallud - Ardennes 1944: Peiper and Skorzeny
Michael Schadewitz - The Meuse First and Then Antwerp
Michael Schadewitz - Zwischen Ritterkreuz und Galgen: Skorzenys Geheimunternehmen Greif in Hitlers Ardennenoffensive 1944/45

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