The 78. Volks-Sturm-Division was formed in February 1945 from 78. Volksgrenadier-Division. It surrendered to the Red Army in Czechoslovakia at the end of the war.

Commanders

Generalmajor Wilhelm Nagel (? Feb 1945 - 1 May 1945)
Generalmajor Erich Geißler (1 May 1945 - 8 May 1945)

Area of operations

Silesia & Czechoslovakia (Feb 1945 - May 1945)

Nicknames

Bad-württ. Sturm-Division

Holders of high awards

(78. Infanterie-Division / 78. Sturm-Division / 78. Grenadier-Division / 78. Volksgrenadier-Division / 78. Volks-Sturm-Division)
Holders of the Commendation Certificate of the Commander-in-Chief of the Army (6)
- Braig, Eugen, 15.12.1944 (4842), Unteroffizier, Geschützführer i. d. 5./Art.Rgt. 178
- Gugel, Karl, 27.05.1943 (1842), Oberleutnant, Chef 1./Pi.Btl. 178
- Reibenspiess, [first name not listed], 05.01.1942 (640), Obergefreiter, 11./Art.Rgt. 178
- Reiser, Richard, 19.11.1942 (1363), Hauptmann, Kdr. I./Inf.Rgt. 14
- Trendelenburg, [first name not listed], 10.08.1941 (197), Oberleutnant, Battr.Chef 3./Art.Rgt. 178
- Wörbach, Karl, 27.08.1943 (2001), Unteroffizier, Gruppenführer i. d. 3./Sturm-Rgt. 215
Holders of the Commendation Certificate of the Commander-in-Chief of the Army for Shooting Down Aircraft (4)
- Forster, [first name not listed], 01.08.1944 (513), Unteroffizier, Aufkl.Kp. 178
- Stengl, Franz, 16.05.1942 (87), Obergefreiter, Stabskp./Inf.Rgt. 14
- Weinmann, Karl, 11.02.1943 (310), Gefreiter, 5./Art.Rgt. 178
- Zimmermann, [first name not listed], 28.11.1942 (293), Gefreiter, 4./Schn.Abt. 178
Holders of the German Cross in Gold (123)
Holders of the German Cross in Silver (1)
- Heidrich, Herbert, 13.12.1944, Techn.Insp.(R), Stab 78. Sturm-Div.
Holders of the Honor Roll Clasp of the Heer (30)
Holders of the Knight's Cross (33) (31 RK + 2 EL)
Unit-Level Commendation Certificate of the Commander-in-Chief of the Army for Shooting Down Aircraft (5)
- 3./Infanterie-Regiment 195
-- Date/Place of Downing: 02.03.1942 bei Dirjatino
-- Award Date: 16.05.1942 (133)
- 2./Infanterie-Regiment 215
-- Date/Place of Downing: 17.04.1942 bei Krutizy
-- Award Date: 19.06.1942 (164)
- 6./Artillerie-Regiment 178
-- Date/Place of Downing: 28.05.1942 bei Nikolajewka
-- Award Date: 10.08.1942 (195)
- 1. Kraftfahr-Kompanie/Kommandeur der Divisions-Nachschubtruppen 178
-- Date/Place of Downing: 15.07.1943 bei Rybniza
-- Award Date: 01.11.1943 (419)
- Stabskompanie/Sturm-Regiment 215
-- Date/Place of Downing: 12.12.1943 bei Olschanskaja
-- Award Date: 01.05.1944 (474)

Order of battle

Sturm-Regiment 14
Sturm-Regiment 195
Sturm-Regiment 215
Divisions-Füsilier-(Jäger-)Bataillon 78
Artillerie-Regiment 178
Divisionseinheiten 178

Memorial at the former Truppenübungsplatz Münsingen to those killed in the 78. Infanterie-Division/Sturm-Division
memorial-inf-div-78
(Courtesy of Unterillertaler)

Sources used

Andris J. Kursietis - The Wehrmacht at War 1939-1945
Samuel W. Mitcham Jr - Hitler's Legions: The German Army Order of Battle World War II
George F. Nafziger - The German Order of Battle: Infantry in World War II
Georg Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht 1933-1945

Reference material on this unit

Ludwig Merker - Das Buch der 78. Sturm Division
Karl Tress - Das Infanterie- und Sturm-Regiment 14 im Zweiten Weltkrieg
Fritz Vetter - Die 78. Infanterie- und Sturmdivision 1938-1945: Eine Dokumentation in Bildern

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