XXXVII Ustasha Battalion
- Published: 02 February 2013 02 February 2013
- Last Updated: 02 February 2013 02 February 2013
XXXVII Ustasha Battalion (XXXVII. ustaška bojna)
by H.L. deZeng IV
Formed at the beginning of 1943 in Bjelovar from overage volunteers raised in the Ðurđevac (Djurdjevac) – Pitomača area between Koprivnica and Virovitica. (1)
(see 4th Mountain Brigade, X Ustasha Brigade and V Ustasha Brigades for additional information)
5 Apr 43: 3d Co. transferred from Bjelovar to Ðurđevac (Djurdjevac) to be assigned as the garrison there.
May 43: formation completed, Bn. assigned to 4th Mountain Brigade as its III Bn. (XXXVII Ustasha Bn.)/8th Mountain Rgt. and stationed in Veliki Bastaji/15 km NE of Daruvar for operations.
29 May 43: being used to guard the larger villages along the railway between Koprivnica – Kloštar – Pitomača – Virovitica.
20 Jun 43: now up to full authorized strength with Bn. HQ, HQ Co. and 1st – 4th Co.
25-27 Aug 43: Bn. participated in Operation “Bilo gora Ost” in the Bilo gora Mountains as III Bn./8th Mountain Regiment.
1 Sep 43: in Grubišno Polje/14 km N of Daruvar.
Oct 43: German General Brauner, commanding general of the 187. Res.Div., did not want the XXXVII Ustasha Battalion employed as III Bn./8th Mountain Rgt. because of the age of the men, and requested that it be completely rebuilt using younger Ustasha recruits. It appears that this request was approved and carried out in May – June 1944 (see below).
Feb 44: now in Bjelovar attached to V Ustasha Brigade, which had just moved from Hercegovina to the Koprivnica – Bjelovar area at the beginning of February.
5 May 44: reforming in Bjelovar - on had two companies on this date.
1 Jun 44: Bn. still being shown on German order of battle charts as III Bn./8th Mountain Rgt., but this is not believed to be correct.
20 Jun 44: Bjelovar attached to V Ustasha Brigade - strength 6 officers and 872 men.
2-31 Jul 44: took part in Operations “Rouen I” and “Rouen II” in the Kalnik Mountains near Bjelovar.
28 Jul 44: billeted in the Dugo Selo area (Security Zone Bjelovar).
Aug 44: ordered renamed II Bn./X Ustasha Brigade, but it does not appear to have been carried out.
18 Aug 44: in defense of Pitomača, which was under attack by elements of Partisan X Corps.
3 Nov 44: 5th Co./XXXVII Ustasha Battalion in Križevci/28.5 km NW of Bejelovar reportedly deserted to the Partisans this date. (Note: the Partisans often granted amnesty to the Ustasha to entice them to desert; sometimes this was honored and sometimes not).
10-30 Nov 44: Bn. absorbed into the V Ustasha Brigade in late November 1944.
Ust. Satnik Žličarić (? - ?) 1944
4th Mountain Brigade (May 1943 - c. Jun 1944)
X Ustasha Brigade (Jul 1944 - Aug 1944)
V Ustasha Brigade (Sep 1944 - Nov 1944)
1. Arhiv VII, kut. 134a, reg.br. 4/1; Colić – 1976; Colić – 1977; Colić – 1979; [Vojnoistorijski institute] - Zbornik dokumenata i podataka o narodnooslobodilačkom ratu jugoslovenskih naroda, Tom V/14, p.405; V/35, p.670; NARA WashDC: RG 226 (T-311 roll 192/127); (T-314 roll 558/1148; roll 1545/758; roll 1547/605); (T-315 roll 1294/371; roll 1554/055 and 470; roll 1555/927 and 1168-69); Bulat, Rade - Deseti korpus “Zagrebački” NOV i POJ (Zagreb: “Globus”, 1985), p.257; [Institut za historiju radničkog pokreta] - Sjeverozapadna Hrvatska u narodnooslobodilačkoj borbi i socijalističkoj revoluciji (Varaždin, 1976), p. 89.
Reference material on this unit
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