XIX Ustasha Battalion
- Published: 02 February 2013 02 February 2013
- Last Updated: 02 February 2013 02 February 2013
XIX Ustasha Battalion (XIX. ustaška bojna)
by H.L. deZeng IV
Formed March 1942 in Senj on the coast of northern Dalmatia. (1)
(see IV Ustasha Brigade for additional information)
1942: formation and training in and around Senj followed by limited offensive operations during the summer. In late summer/early fall, it moved to Bihać with other components of IV Ustasha Brigade.
8 Nov 42: elements of the Bn. withdrew from Bihać, which they had been defending until the city was captured by the Partisans on 4 November, and moved to Topusko.
Feb 43: Croatian investigators found men from both the Battalion’s 2d and 3d Co. in a mass grave on the outskirts of Bihać where they had been executed by the Partisans after the city was taken in early November.
Aug 43: the Bn. was rebuilt during August in Senj by incorporating the entire 17th Ustasha Preparatory Battalion that had been located there.
3 Oct 43: successfully defended Karlobag/54 km S of Senj and just in from the coast against a concentrated attack by 6th and 13th Divisions NOVJ.
26 Jan 44: in Jezerane/24 km E of Senj at the junction of several secondary roads.
3 Feb 44: together with elements of the German 392. Inf.Div. (kroat.), captured the village of Dabar/14 km SE of Jezerane and to the northeast of Otočac.
Mar 44: together with other components of IV Ustasha Brigade and German 392. Inf.Div. (kroat.), drove the Partisans out of a number of villages to the east of Otočac and occupied one of then, Vrhovine, and established a defensive perimeter there. The Battalion’s main body remained in Vrhovine until fall 1944.
28 May 44: elements defended (Titova) Korenica/16 km WSW of Bihać for a day, but after bitter fighting the Battalion was forced to withdraw and the town was taken by elements of the 13th and 35th Divisions NOVJ.
21 Jun 44: Battalion brought up to full strength using personnel from the disbanded XX Ustasha Battalion and from the disbanded independent Ustasha Company Krivi Put, the latter from a small village of the same name near Senj. Until this date, the Company had been used mainly as a local village defense militia and was made up of mostly older men.
Aug 44: Vrhovine - renamed V Bn./IV Ustasha Brigade as part of a general reorganization of several of the Ustasha Brigades. However, it also continued to use its original designation for at least the next few months.
Ust. Bojnik Ivan Mesić (? - 5 Aug 1944) KIA
IV Ustasha Brigade (Aug 1942 - Nov 1944)
1. Arhiv VII, kut. 134a, reg.br. 4/1; Colić – 1977; [Vojnoistorijski institute] - Zbornik dokumenata i podataka o narodnooslobodilačkom ratu jugoslovenskih naroda, Tom V/9. p.419; V/27, p.612; [Vojnoistorijski institute] - Hronologija oslobodilačke borbe naroda jugoslavije 1941-1945, p.577, 679 and 762; Omrčanin, Ivo - Dokumente über die Greueltaten der Tschetniken und Kommunisten in Kroatien (1941-1945), p.20; NARA WashDC: RG 226 (OSS document 110433); RG 242 (T-314 roll 562/791); (T-315 roll 2270/1032-36); (T-821 roll 448/727).
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