XII Ustasha Battalion (XII. ustaška bojna)
by H.L. deZeng IV

Formed late fall 1941, probably in the Kostajnica area. (1)


Operational History

(see III Ustasha Brigade for additional information)

Dec 41: Battalion HQ in Kostajnica. As will be seen below, this Ustasha battalion was smaller than most of the others and was used mainly to garrison Kostajnica and to guard nearby railway lines, bridges and other key infrastructure. It does not seem to have been used operationally very often or to have had much contact with the enemy (the Partisans).
Jun 42: participated in Operation “West-Bosnien” in the nearby Kozara Mountains. Strength at this time estimated to be 600.
1 Dec 42: HQ in Kostajnica.
3-5 Jan 43: Kostajnica - took part in Operation “Una – Sava Bend” between Bos. Novi and Prijedor.
28 Feb 43: Bn. brought up to full strength with men taken from the VI Ustasha Bn. and then used operationally as I Bn. (XII Ust. Bn.)/12th Infantry Regiment.
11 Jul 43: Bn. HQ, HQ Co. and 1st – 4th Co. located in Kostajnica and in Divuša/11 km SSW of Kostajnica - had a total strength of 384 and was mostly being used to guard the railway line between Bos. Novi and Kostajnica under 12th Infantry Regiment/Croatian II Corps, which was tactically under German 373. Inf.Div.(kroat.).
Jan – Mar 44: Kostajnica with Bn. HQ, HQ Co. and 1st – 3d Co.; now tactically under German 1. Kos.Kav.Div.
12 Apr 44: Bn. HQ and two companies garrisoning Kostajnica while the other two companies were guarding the railway track, viaduct and bridges along the Una River southwest to Grdanovac.
1 Jun 44: Kostajnica - there is no information on the Battalion after this date. It was probably disbanded and absorbed into other Ustasha units in August.

Commanders

Ust. Satnik Vladimir Majer (? - ?) 1942
Ust. Dopukovnik Ivan Hrčko (? - ?) May 1944

Subordination

III Ustasha Brigade (Aug 1942 - c. Aug 1944)

Footnotes

1. Arhiv VII, kut. 134a, reg.br. 4/1; Colić - Takozvana Nezavisna Država Hrvatska 1941; Colić 1979, p.159; [Vojnoistorijski institute] - Zbornik dokumenata i podataka o narodnooslobodilačkom ratu jugoslovenskih naroda, Tom V/4, pp.92 and 407; V/9, pp.419 and 513; V/13, p.474; V/15, p.479; V/17, pp.548-49; V/32, pp.258 and 279; [Vojnoistorijski institute] - Hronologija oslobodilačke borbe naroda jugoslavije 1941-1945, pp.287, 530, 659 and 851; NARA WashDC: RG 242 (T-311 roll 192/127); (T-314 roll 558/1148; roll 851/509); (T-315 roll 1553/1242; roll 1554/470; roll 2270/1032-36).


Reference material on this unit

- None known at this time -

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