The 19. Armee was formed on 26 August 1943 by the redesignation of Armeegruppe Felber. The 19. Armee garrisoned the French Mediterannean coast where it faced the Allied landings in southern France in August 1944. It conducted a fighting retreat up the Rhone River valley to the High Vosges where, after heavy fighting, it was compressed into the Colmar Pocket. After supporting Operation “Nordwind” with a failed offensive aimed at Strasbourg, the remnants of the 19. Armee retreated to the east bank of the Rhine as the Franco-American offensive eliminated the Colmar Pocket by 9 February 1945. It surrendered to the U.S. VI Corps at Innsbruck, Austria on 5 May 1945.

Commanders

General der Infanterie Georg von Sodenstern (26 Aug 1943 - 29 June 1944)
General der Infanterie Friedrich Wiese (29 June 1944 - 15 Dec 1944)
General der Infanterie Siegfried Rasp (15 Dec 1944 - 26 Feb 1945)
General der Infanterie Hermann Foertsch (26 Feb 1945 - 28 Feb 1945)
General der Infanterie Hans von Obstfelder (1 Mar 1945 - 26 Mar 1945)
General der Panzertruppen Erich Brandenberger (26 Mar 1945 - 5 May 1945)

Chiefs of Staff

Generalleutnant Walter Botsch (26 Aug 1943 - 1 Jan 1945)
Oberst Kurt Brandstädter (1 Jan 1945 - 5 May 1945)

Operations Officers (Ia)

Oberst Friedrich Schulz (26 Aug 1943 - 5 Nov 1944)
Oberstleutnant Walter Barth (5 Nov 1944 - 25 Feb 1945)
Oberstleutnant Wilhelm Schäfer (25 Feb 1945 - 5 May 1945)

Holders of high awards (Armee-Truppen)

Holders of the German Cross in Silver (1)
Millauer, Horst, 30.04.1945, Oberst, Armee-Nachsch.Tr. 445
Holders of the Knight's Cross (1)
Krebs, Günther-Wolfgang 26.12.1944 Leutnant Fhr 2./Hochgeb.Jäg.Btl 201 / AOK 19 [= Heeres-Geb.Jäg.Btl 201, HeTr]

Order of battle (27 Aug 1943)

(Tactical components assigned directly to the 19. Armee)
356. Infanterie-Division
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
326. Infanterie-Division
338. Infanterie-Division

Order of battle (4 Oct 1943)

At the disposal of the 19. Armee
242. Infanterie-Division
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
338. Infanterie-Division
326. Infanterie-Division
Gruppe Faulenbach
356. Infanterie-Division
Sicherungs-Regiment 5
Sicherungs-Regiment 195
Gruppe Knieß
715. Infanterie-Division
Panzer-Grenadier-Division “Feldherrnhalle” (forming)

Order of battle (20 Nov 1943)

At the disposal of the 19. Armee
715. Infanterie-Division (most)
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
338. Infanterie-Division
326. Infanterie-Division
Gruppe Knieß
244. Infanterie-Division + Sicherungs-Regiment 5
Sicherungs-Regiment 195
148. Reserve-Division + 715. Infanterie-Division (part)

Order of battle (26 Dec 1943)

At the disposal of the 19. Armee
715. Infanterie-Division
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
338. Infanterie-Division
326. Infanterie-Division
Gruppe Knieß
244. Infanterie-Division
242. Infanterie-Division
148. Reserve-Division

Order of battle (15 May 1944)

At the disposal of the 19. Armee
157. Reserve-Division
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
272. Infanterie-Division (forming)
277. Infanterie-Division (forming)
271. Infanterie-Division (forming)
Gruppe Knieß
338. Infanterie-Division
244. Infanterie-Division
LXII. Reserve-Korps
242. Infanterie-Division
148. Reserve-Division

Order of battle (15 July 1944)

At the disposal of the 19. Armee
157. Reserve-Division
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
716. Infanterie-Division
198. Infanterie-Division (refitting)
189. Reserve-Division
Gruppe Knieß
338. Infanterie-Division
244. Infanterie-Division
LXII. Reserve-Korps
242. Infanterie-Division
148. Reserve-Division

Order of battle (31 Aug 1944)

At the disposal of the 19. Armee
11. Panzer-Division
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
716. Infanterie-Division
189. Reserve-Division
LXXXV. Armeekorps z.b.V.
338. Infanterie-Division
198. Infanterie-Division

Order of battle (16 Sep 1944)

LXVI. Armeekorps
15. Panzer-Grenadier-Division (most)
21. Panzer-Division (part)
16. Infanterie-Division
LXIV. Armeekorps
716. Infanterie-Division + 189. Reserve-Division (remnants)
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
338. Infanterie-Division
198. Infanterie-Division
159. Reserve-Division
LXXXV. Armeekorps z.b.V.
11. Panzer-Division

Order of battle (28 Sep 1944)

LXVI. Armeekorps
16. Infanterie-Division
LXIV. Armeekorps
716. Infanterie-Division
198. Infanterie-Division
189. Reserve-Division
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
338. Infanterie-Division
LXXXV. Armeekorps z.b.V.
159. Reserve-Division

Order of battle (13 Oct 1944)

LXIV. Armeekorps
716. Infanterie-Division
198. Infanterie-Division
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
338. Infanterie-Division
LXXXV. Armeekorps z.b.V.
159. Infanterie-Division
189. Infanterie-Division
Panzer-Brigade 106 “Feldherrnhalle”

Order of battle (5 Nov 1944)

LXIV. Armeekorps
21. Panzer-Division
716. Infanterie-Division
16. Volks-Grenadier-Division
Panzer-Brigade 106 “Feldherrnhalle”
IV. Luftwaffen-Feldkorps
198. Infanterie-Division
269. Infanterie-Division
LXXXV. Armeekorps z.b.V.
159. Infanterie-Division
189. Infanterie-Division
338. Infanterie-Division

Order of battle (26 Nov 1944)

LXIV. Armeekorps
708. Volks-Grenadier-Division
716. Infanterie-Division
LXXXX. Armeekorps
16. Volks-Grenadier-Division
269. Infanterie-Division
LXIII. Armeekorps
159. Infanterie-Division
189. Infanterie-Division
338. Infanterie-Division
198. Infanterie-Division
30. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (russisch Nr. 2)
Panzer-Brigade 106 “Feldherrnhalle”

Order of battle (31 Dec 1944)

LXIV. Armeekorps
198. Infanterie-Division
708. Volks-Grenadier-Division + 716. Infanterie-Division (most)
189. Infanterie-Division
Panzer-Brigade 106 “Feldherrnhalle”
16. Volks-Grenadier-Division
LXIII. Armeekorps
269. Infanterie-Division
159. Infanterie-Division
338. Infanterie-Division

Order of battle (21 Jan 1945)

LXIV. Armeekorps
Panzer-Brigade 106 “Feldherrnhalle”
198. Infanterie-Division
708. Volks-Grenadier-Division
189. Infanterie-Division
16. Volks-Grenadier-Division
LXIII. Armeekorps
338. Infanterie-Division
159. Infanterie-Division
Kampfgruppe 716. Infanterie-Division

Order of battle (1 Feb 1945)

LXIV. Armeekorps
198. Infanterie-Division
708. Volks-Grenadier-Division
2. Gebirgs-Division
189. Infanterie-Division
16. Volks-Grenadier-Division
LXIII. Armeekorps
338. Infanterie-Division
159. Infanterie-Division
Kampfgruppe 716. Infanterie-Division
Panzer-Brigade 106 “Feldherrnhalle”
XVIII. SS-Armeekorps
Division Nr. 405
Division z.b.V. 805

Order of battle (1 Mar 1945)

LXIV. Armeekorps
198. Infanterie-Division
Division Nr. 405
XVIII. SS-Armeekorps
Division Nr. 805
Brigade 1005

Order of battle (12 Apr 1945)

At the disposal of the 19. Armee
189. Infanterie-Division (forming)
LXXX. Armeekorps
559. Volks-Grenadier-Division
198. Infanterie-Division
47. Volks-Grenadier-Division
16. Volks-Grenadier-Division
LXIV. Armeekorps
716. Infanterie-Division
257. Volks-Grenadier-Division
106. Infanterie-Division
XVIII. SS-Armeekorps
Division Nr. 405
Division Nr. 805
Brigade 1005
Brigade Bauer

Order of battle (30 Apr 1945)

24. Armee
Division Nr. 405
XVIII. SS-Armeekorps
352. Volks-Grenadier-Division
106. Infanterie-Division
719. Infanterie-Division
89. Infanterie-Division
LXXX. Armeekorps
559. Volks-Grenadier-Division
47. Volks-Grenadier-Division
246. Volks-Grenadier-Division
716. Infanterie-Division
LXIV. Armeekorps
16. Volks-Grenadier-Division
189. Infanterie-Division

Sources used

Research by Shawn Bohannon
Jeffrey J. Clarke & Robert Ross Smith - Riviera to the Rhine, The United States Army in World War II: The European Theater of Operations
Georg Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht 1933-1945

Reference material on this unit

- None known at this time -

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